The TURNKEY project has a number of actions built into separate activities and work packages, following on from each other to build a comprehensive transnational project. There are 11 activities and the Environmental Research Institute (ERI) is the responsible partner for each one.
TURNKEY work packages will compliment work undertaken by other projects.
Work Package (WP) 2 compliments the work being carried out on EQUIMAR which delivered a suite of high level protocols covering site selection, device engineering design and the MaREE programme in Scotland which established the baseline conditions of wave and tidal sites.
WP 3 will add new models to the previous work of SAFECOAST and OURCOAST by providing the additional dimension of large amounts of energy extraction combined with the effects of climate change.
WP 5 provides additional value to the work already carried out by WAVEPLAM. This project has identified that one stop permitting is considered to be best practice.
WP 7 adds value to the Aqua-RET II by going beyond e-learning resources and providing on the job training.
Scientists responsible for leading the project
Dr Guerin was work package leader on Activity 6 of TURNKEY until the end of June 2014. He is being replaced by Dr Diego del Villar Guerra in August 2014. He is responsible for:
Marine renewable energy developments should comply fully with the EU Habitats Directive and should not – either at individual development scale or in combination with other prevailing factors – cause long-term or irreparable damage to existing sites or species of national or international environmental importance. Where possible, they should enhance existing natural habitats and improve ecosystem connectivity. For fish, the main risks are believed to be from:
- Noise and vibration – sensitivity to the frequency of sound varies across fish species;
- Collision with operational structures (mainly wave and tidal devices);
- The creation of barriers to migration;
- Elasmobranchs (sharks, skates and rays) are at risk from electromagnetic disturbance along cable alignments.
TURNKEY Activity 6 will aim to increase our understanding of the possible interactions between fish and marine renewable energy developments by:
- Identifying and collating information on key fish species of significance in the Atlantic Areas region.
- Identifying where sites of biological importance (such as spawning grounds) or migratory pathways for these species may overlap with areas of marine renewable energy development.
- Reviewing the potential for impacts on fish from noise and electromagnetic emissions.
- Assessing fish aggregation at or around marine renewable energy devices.
- Understanding the potential ‘habitat value’ of marine renewable energy structures.
Dr Goddijn-Murphy is work package leader on Activity 8 of TURNKEY. She is responsible for:
This work package will address the need to support accelerated and co-ordinated study into the wave and tidal resources contained in the Atlantic Area waters. Its core feature would be a cross-border Knowledge Exchange Network– sharing and disseminating knowledge, methods, information and know-how on different aspects of the Atlantic waters resource to partners from across the Atlantic Area geography. It will consist of a Knowledge Base/Platform that shares and communicates the outputs from the physical knowledge exchange network, supporting industry with accurate information about marine energy resources across the geography, environmental and physical conditions. Resource assessment methodology will be developed based on:
- GIS datasets that combine the various types of information required to support marine energy development;
- validated models of Atlantic Area marine energy resource climate and resource;
- in situ and remote sensing measurements of currents and waves at marine energy sites
In addition to knowledge exchange workshops and reporting on resource assessment work it would provide the network with case studies of best practice, links to relevant resources, access to information about current research and development, relevant news, activities, events etc.
Dr McIlvenny is work package leader for Activity 4 and 5 of TURNKEY. He is responsible for:
Activity 4 – Environmental Safety
The primary objective of the proposal is to provide ‘enabling’ data and technology solutions to facilitate cost effective environmental monitoring of marine renewable energy technology.
Three project outputs are anticipated: tested and verified monitoring protocols; a series of robust technological solutions for monitoring in the marine environment and a suite of characterised environmental impacts for an offshore wave energy converter forming the basis of regulatory decision-making for consenting.
Activity 5 – Coastal Protection
Determine the coastal impact effects of large scale wave and tidal arrays on the Atlantic Area coastline coupled with the expected effects caused by climate change so that mitigation measures can be put in place should these changes occur.
With the first deployments of tidal-stream and wave energy devices anticipated by 2013, there is a need to better understand these host environments.
Alterations to natural flow as a consequence of extraction of energy from tidal streams and wave devices have the potential to disturb the existing system. This may in turn also have an impact on the coastal processes.
Characterisation of both wave and tidal sites must take in to consideration the relationships between the topography, flow, weather conditions and extraction rates of energy on the coastal environment.